70-465: Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server

This exam measures your ability to accomplish the technical tasks listed below. The percentages indicate the relative weight of each major topic area on the exam. The higher the percentage, the more questions you are likely to see on that content area on the exam.

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Microsoft 70-465 Exam Summary:

Exam Name Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server
Exam Code  70-465
Exam Duration  150 minutes
Exam Questions  40-60 
Passing Score  700 out of 1000 
Exam Price  $165 (USD) 
Books  20465D: Designing a Data Solution with Microsoft SQL Server (five days)
Sample Questions   Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server Certification Sample Question
Practice Exam   Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server Certification Practice Exam

Microsoft 70-465 Exam Topics:

Objective Details 
Design a database structure (25–30%)
Design for business requirements – Translate business needs to data structures; de-normalize a database by using SQL Server features, including materialization using indexed views, distributed partitioned views, filtered and non-key column indexes, and snapshots
Design physical database and object placement – Design a physical database, including file placement, FILESTREAM, FILETABLE, file groups, and RAID; configure system database settings
Design a table and index partitioning strategy – Develop the optimal strategy for indexing, archive using partitions and tables, design columnstore indexes, design XML indexes
Design a migration, consolidation, and upgrade strategy – Upgrade with minimal downtime; design a cross-cluster migration; plan a database deployment, including Windows PowerShell, Server Core, and contained databases; migrate query plans; design a migration strategy using Distributed Replay Controller; design a SQL Server virtualization strategy
Design SQL Server instances – Identify hardware for new instances; design CPU affinity; design clustered instances using Microsoft Distributed Transaction Control (MSDTC); define instance memory allocation; design installation strategies, including sysprep, slipstream, and SMB file server; define cross db ownership chaining
Design backup and recovery – Design a backup strategy based on business needs, including differential, file, log, and striped; design a database snapshot strategy; design appropriate recovery models; design a system database backup strategy; recover Tail-Log backups
Design databases and database objects (30–35%)
Design a database model – Design a logical schema; design a data access and data layer architecture; design a database schema; design a security architecture; design a cross-server instance database model, including linked servers, security, providers, distributed transactions, distributed partitioned views, and Service Broker
Design tables – Design tables appropriately, including physical tables, temp tables, temp table variables, common table expressions, columnstore indexes, user defined table types, FILESTREAM, FILETABLE, and In-Memory OLTP; design views and table valued functions; design a compression strategy, including row and page; select an appropriate data type; design computed columns
Design for concurrency – Develop a strategy to maximize concurrency; define a locking and concurrency strategy; design a transaction isolation strategy, including server database and session; design triggers for concurrency
Design T-SQL stored procedures – Create stored procedures; design a data access strategy using stored procedures; design appropriate stored procedure parameters, including input, output, and Table Valued; design error handling; design an In-Memory OLTP strategy for stored procedures
Design a management automation strategy – Create a data archiving solution; design automation and auditing, including jobs, alerts, operators, SSIS, CDC, auditing, DDL triggers, and Windows PowerShell; automate across multiple databases and instances; design data batch processing: design a database load test; deploy to different environments, including development, staging, and production
Design for transactions – Manage transactions, including time, savepoint, and mark; design for implicit and explicit transactions; ensure data integrity by using transactions; design error handling for transactions, including TRY, CATCH, and THROW
Design database security (10–15%)
Design an application strategy to support security – Design security, including security roles, signed stored procedures, encryption, contained logins, EXECUTE AS, and credentials; implement schemas and schema security; design security maintenance, including SQL logins, integrated authentication, permissions, and mirroring
Design database, schema, and object security permissions – Design a database schema that meets security requirements, schema ownership, ownership chaining, cross database chaining
Design instance-level security configurations – Implement separation of duties using different login roles; choose an authentication type, including logon triggers, regulatory requirements, and certificates; implement data encryption, including database master key and configuration; implement Data Description Language (DDL) triggers; define a secure service account
Design a troubleshooting and optimization solution (25–30%)
Design a maintenance strategy for database servers – Design maintenance plans; design index maintenance, including rebuild, defragmentation, statistics, online rebuilds, offline rebuilds, and thresholds; maintain physical and logical consistency (DBCC); manage database files, including LDF, MDF, In-Memory OLTP, and garbage collection; define a retention policy
Troubleshoot and resolve concurrency issues – Examine deadlocking issues using SQL Server logs and trace flags; design a reporting database infrastructure, including replicated databases; monitor concurrency, including Dynamic Management Views (DMV); diagnose blocking, including live locking and deadlocking; diagnose waits; use Extended Events; implement query hints to increase concurrency
Design and implement a high availability solution – Configure failover clustering, including multi-subnet; design readable mirrors; create a highly available configuration with low recovery time; design and ensure uptime requirements, including monitoring and patching; design and implement a replication architecture; implement AlwaysOn Availability Groups and AlwaysOn failover clusters
Design a solution to monitor performance and concurrency – Identify performance monitor counters; monitor for performance and bottlenecks, including Wait Stats; design a query monitoring and review strategy; monitor for missing statistics
Design a monitoring solution at the instance level – Design auditing strategies, including Extended Events, Event traces, SQL Audit, Profiler-scheduled or event-based maintenance, Performance Monitor, and DMV usage; set up file and table growth monitoring; collect performance indicators and counters; create jobs to monitor server health; audit using Windows Logs